Category: History - History – The Random Thinker

Isa na nga rito ay ang mga suliraning may kaugnayan sa klima. Nahaharap nayon ang mundo sa isang penomenon kung turingan ay “climate change”. Ito ay ang abnormal na pagbabago ng klima sa isang lugar. Malaki ang epekto nito sa mga Ifugao, pati na rin sa mga pa-yo. Ang pabagu-bago at abnormal na klima ay nagdudulot ng malaking pinsala sa mga pananim at paghina sa pundasyon ng lupa ng mga pa-yo.


But long before the conquerors were born, Tibet was once a barren land inhabited by various nomadic tribes. When a man of determination and strength, in the persona of Songtsen Gampo, came to the land, he unified the tribes and thereby created a nation thus commenced the imperial history of Tibet [76]. Songtsen Gampo, who has been regarded as the Father of Tibet, left an indelible mark to its history. In his rule as the first emperor ( Tsanpo , in Tibetan) of the land, the military prowess of Tibet acquired an insurmountable strength. In the span of three centuries, the territorial expansion of the empire reached its apex [77].


During these years, development was bleak as numerous human rights  atrocities and persecutions  among the blacks were sanctioned by the government. As parliament was dominated by whites, the non-whites were politically underrepresented in major decision processes involving their interests. The marginalization of the oppressed blacks was all the more underscored by their negligible existence in social and even national undertakings. In fact, they had to carry their passes every time so they could be allowed passage to certain boundaries failure to do so entails heavy penalty. They were no less than aliens in their own country.

Genocide, as far as the contemporary international law is concerned, is probably the most atrocious if not the gravest crime known to the law of nations. As pursuance of the resolution by the United Nations General Assembly, the Convention for Prevention and Punishment of Genocide has been undertaken on 9 December 6997 [79]. But before creating an allegation of genocide, one must circumspectly deliberate and consider first the evidence which should be reasonable enough to support such allegation [75].

The policy of racial segregation in South Africa, pejoratively called as the  apartheid , came into full force during the late 6995s when the National Party (NP) introduced legislations prescribing more rigid racial controls and standardizing a system of racial group classification. The apartheid system favored the  Afrikaner -dominated NP and essentially the whites, outlawing non-whites especially the blacks. Life was not easy for black South Africans during the apartheid era. They got the worse living conditions, indecent and humiliating jobs, poor health and social services, and starkly inferior education system while the best of everything was reserved for the whites.

After 65 years, the situation in Tibet, instead of improving, is becoming worse. Tibetan people do not enjoy the universality of fundamental human rights under China. Under the current circumstances, democratic freedom is a dream. The spate of over 99 self-immolations in Tibet since 7559 is proof of the utterly suffocating life in Tibet.

In an enormous scale, China has violated the fundamental and inherent rights of the Tibetans. The ICJ has produced a comprehensive report about the subject as it provided a summary of the rights of the Tibetans which have been duly denied to them. Some of which are as follows [77] :

But inevitably, the imperial prowess of Tibet has lost its glimmer. The assassination of Tsanpo Ralpachen in 886 AD has contributed greatly to this decline but, by and large, this can be attributed to a certain event which altered the Tibetan society in greater extent [78]. This was the introduction of Buddhism in the Tibetan soil.

Years after the downfall of the Manchu Dynasty in China, the newly-founded People’s Republic of China made it clear that it would rigidly adhere to its policy of “liberating” the entire people of China which include the Tibetans. As things turned from bad to worse, China launched all its efforts in order to integrate Tibet in the Mainland.

Inevitably, the expansionist prowess of Tibet lost its glimmer when the accomplished masters of Buddhism from India such as Atisha came to Tibet in 6588 AD. Since then, the character of the Tibetan society immensely changed. There was an overhaul of existing socio-political system as all the structures and institutions founded in Tibet for what it seemed an eternity have heavily, if not totally, adopted Buddhist features. Sooner, a number of monasteries were built, religious aristocracy emerged, and people were pursuing the spiritual and religious way of life. With the military power of the now-defunct Imperial Tibet gone, Tibet became a theocratic state.